The cat (Felis silvestris catus), also known as the domestic cat or house cat to distinguish it from other felines, is a small carnivorous species of mammal that is often valued by humans for its companionship and its ability to hunt vermin.
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A skilled predator, the cat is known to hunt over 1,000 species for food. It is intelligent and can be trained to obey simple commands. Individual cats have also been known to learn to manipulate simple mechanisms. Cats use a variety of vocalizations and types of body language for communication, including mewing ("meow" or "miaow"), purring, hissing, growling, squeaking, chirping, clicking, and grunting.
Feline Fact File
There are more than 500 million domestic cats in the world and 33 different cat breeds.
The largest breed of cat is the Ragdoll.
The smallest breed of cat the Singapura
The average cat litter is 4 kittens.
A frisky feline from Texas set a record by producing more than 420 kittens in an 18 year period.
The largest recorded cat litter was produced by a Persian named Bluebell. She gave birth to 14 surviving kittens.
Cats have 290 bones in their bodies and 517 muscles.
It is a little know fact that the inventor of the 'cat flap' was none other than Sir Isaac Newton Sir Isaac Newton.
3 cat years is the equivalent of 21 human years.
Indoor cats live to an average age of 15 years. Outdoor cats usually die at 4 years old.
The greatest number of mice killed by one cat? 28,899! Towser, a tortoise-shell tabby in charge of rodent control in Scotland, killed 28,899 mice in her 21 years. This is about four mice per day, every day, for 21 years. Towser died in 1987.
In English, cat is "cat." In French, cat is "Chat." In German, your cat is "katze." The Spanish word for cat is "gato," and the Italian word is "gatto." Japanese prefer "neko" and Arabic countries call a cat a "kitte."
Cats can see in colour but they are partially colour blind. They have the equivalency of human red/green colour blindness
A cat's eyesight is so strong it can see up to 120 feet in distance. Their peripheral vision is about 285 degrees.
A group of kittens is called a "kindle."
A group of adult cats is called a "clowder."
Cats rub against people and other felines in an attempt to mark them. They often use the scent glands positioned between their eye and ear to do this.
There is no living mammal that sleeps more than a cat.
Cats use 30% of the time in which they are awake to groom themselves.
The average cat weighs 12 pounds.
The Guinness Book of World Records states the heaviest cat on record as Himmy, an Australian cat. Himmy weighed a staggering 46 pounds, 15.25 ounces in 1986 with a waist line measuring 33 inches. One fat cat!
An English cat named Puss was the oldest cat on record. Puss died in 1939 after living to the grand old age of 36.
The smallest sized cat on record was a mini moggie named Tinker Toy. A male Himalayan-Persian, he weighed 1 pound, 8 ounces fully grown and was 7.25" long and 2.75" tall!
An adult cat has 32 teeth
According to myth, a cat sleeping with all four paws tucked under means cold weather is coming.
The UK cat food market is worth a staggering £527 million per year
It costs a basic amount of £4,800 to care for one household cat in it's lifetime. This is a 'no frills' figure. Extra pampering is even more.
Hebrew folklore believes that cats came about because Noah was afraid that rats might eat all the food on the ark. He prayed to God for help. God responded by making the lion sneeze a giant sneeze -- and out came a little cat!